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Ebook - H2O Just Ordinary Water
by Ingrid Fredriksson
Our water is a marvellous solution – always on the move in the cycle of nature – and a condition for all life. Water is always changing form, from liquid to vapour to ice, and back again. Water is cyclic and has been functioned this way for billions of years. Every life on Earth depends on water; computer simulation has shown that the DNA helix breaks apart if it is modelled without water.
Water is a chemical union of hydrogen and oxygen. The water molecule is a dipole; the atoms are joined in an asymmetrical manner that gives one end a surplus of positive electrical energy and the other end a surplus of negative electrical energy. Water is heaviest not at 0°C, its freezing point, but at +4°C. If it were heaviest at 0°C then ice would form first at the bottom of rivers and lakes; the fish would die and the ice would not melt in the spring. Would there be life on earth in that event?
The water in oceans and large lakes absorbs heat in warm weather and radiates warmth when it is cold, tempering the climate.
Researchers are investigating water's relationship to consciousness. Masaru Emoto, who photographs crystals that form in bottles of water labelled with different words, says that maybe water cannot think, but water is something magical. In the context of quantum mind, the Italian scientist Guiseppe Vitiello says, 'It all depends on water.' The Finnish researcher Alex Kaivarainen studies water's significance for consciousness as well as its role in biosystems.
Water goes together with all life on Earth, and people have been aware for thousands of years of its significance. Water was seen as a very important link between everyday life and the life of spirit. The ancient mystery schools as well as Christianity saw water as bearing divinity and life-giving forces.
From the ebook:
The Same Old Water
There is no new water on our planet. The water that exists always has existed and always will, in constant circulation between Earth's surface and its atmosphere. We borrow drinking-water only to return it immediately afterwards to that eternal circulation.
In the course of this cycle the water is exposed to impurities, caused by both nature and human. The natural contamination comes about, for example, when rain water penetrates the earth's surface, dissolving minerals and bringing inorganic and organic substances along with it on its way through the ground. The contamination that the human being causes can affect all water supplies. Pollutants in the atmosphere, industrial discharges in watercourses and sewage from society affect both surface water and ground water.
Our standard of technology makes it possible to satisfy high demands for comfort. For instance, we prefer water toilets to buckets that must be emptied. At the same time, though, this can involve a threat to water catchments and drinking-water. We also demand constant access to good quality tap water. In actuality, the level of quality could be different for different uses; water for laundry and other cleaning, for example, need not be purified but only made free of bacteria. But we have chosen to have only one type of water, and in that event it must be fit to drink. In most other countries, tap water is not supposed to be used as drinking-water.
Our water is a unique fluid – constantly on the move in nature's circulation. Water is constantly changing shape, from its liquid form to vapour to ice and back again. Water is cyclic and has been functioning in this way for several billion years. All life on Earth is dependent on water. The water cycle actually has no particular starting point, but the ocean is an appropriate place to begin. The sun, which drives the water cycle, warms the water of the oceans so that it evaporates into the air. Ascending winds carry the water vapour out through the atmosphere, where the lower temperature causes the water vapour to condense and form clouds. The winds move the clouds around the globe and cloud particles collide with one another, grow together, and fall from the sky in the form of precipitation. The greatest part of the precipitation falls directly back into the world oceans. Some precipitation falls as snow, and on land or frozen sea it may accumulate in enormous glaciers and ice floes. Where the climate is warmer, snow melts in spring and, like rain, runs across the ground due to gravitation. Some of the runoff enters rivers whose currents carry the water to the ocean, but most water is not taken up directly by rivers. The rest is taken up by the ground, through what is called infiltration. Some of this groundwater stays just under the surface of the ground, seeping back into various watercourses and the sea through groundwater discharge. Some of the groundwater makes its way up through the surface of the ground to appear in the form of freshwater springs. From groundwater's upper stratum the roots of plants take up the liquid, which is then, through transpiration from the plants' leaves, restored to the atmosphere. Some of the groundwater makes its way deeper into the ground to form aquifers in which great quantities of freshwater may be stored for a long time. With time, even this water moves, and some of it runs out in the ocean where the water cycle 'ends' and 'begins'.[i]